Achille Mbembe is a philosopher and a political scientist. He studied history and obtained a PhD at the Sorbonne in 1989. Mbembe works as a researcher at the Institute of Social and Economic Research of the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa. Before, he taught history at universities such as Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania. His best-known works are On the Postcolony (2001) and Sortir de la grande nuit (2010). In 2016, he published Politiques de l’inimitié.