Aleksandr Dugin

Russia, 1962

Aleksandr Dugin is a political philosopher. He is the founder of the Eurasian Movement in Russia and the foremost theoretical proponent of Eurasianism, which holds that Russia has a unique cultural position in between Europe and Asia that is incompatible with Western modernity. Dugin gained a PhD from the University of Rostov-on-Don and was head of the International Relations Department and the Center for Conservative Studies at Moscow State University from 2008 to 2014. He is a staunch critic of liberalism and a strong and influential supporter of President Putin. Among his many books the most prominent is The Fourth Political Theory (2012), in which he argues for a new form of politics that supersedes aspects of liberalism, communism and fascism.