Amartya Sen won the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences. He is University Professor of Economics at Harvard. Sen studied at Cambridge University, where he also gained his PhD. After studying philosophy at the same university, Sen went on to teach at Oxford and the London School of Economics, among others. Sen’s research focuses on the ethical aspects of economics and deals with poverty, development and division of welfare. Among his books are Development as Freedom (1999) and The Idea of Justice (2009).