Edward Said was a literary theorist and cultural critic. He was University Professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University in New York, which he joined in 1963 after studying at Harvard. His book Orientalism (1975) on Western stereotypes of the Middle East stood at the basis of postcolonial studies. Said was also known as a public intellectual who supported the rights of the Palestinians. In 1999, he founded the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra with Daniel Barenboim, which brings together young musicians from Israel and Palestine. He published his memoir, Out of Place, that same year.