Guy Verhofstadt was Prime Minister of Belgium between 1999 and 2008. Before, he was a conservative Member of Parliament, a senator and, from 1985 onwards, Minister of Budget and Science. He has been a Member of European Parliament since 2009 as the President of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. He wrote such works as De weg uit de crisis. Hoe Europa de wereld kan redden (2009) and De open samenleving onder vuur (2012).