José Ortega y Gasset (Spain, 1882-1955) was a philosopher who is best known for his book The Revolt of the Masses (1930). After studying at various Spanish and German universities, he was made Professor of Psychology, Logic and Ethics in Madrid in 1910. He published a large number of cultural, philosophical and political essays and founded literary journal Revista del Occidente in 1923. His republican activism forced Ortega y Gasset to flee Spain at the beginning of the Civil War in 1936. After a stay in Argentina and Portugal, he returned to Franco’s Spain in 1948, where he remained at the head of the Instituto de Humanidades, of which he was founder, until his death.