Karol Berger is Professor in Fine Arts at Stanford University. He studied musicology at the universities of Warsaw and Yale and specializes in the history of music aesthetics and musical theory, as well as in music from 1770 to 1850. His award-winning books include A Theory of Art (2000), Bach’s Cycle, Mozart’s Arrow: An Essay on the Origins of Musical Modernity (2007) and Beyond Reason: Wagner contra Nietzsche (2017). In 2011 he received the Glarean Prize of the Swiss Musicological Society and in 2014 the Humboldt Research Award of the Humboldt Foundation. He is a Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Honorary Member of the American Musicological Society, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and, since 2019, a Foreign Member of the Academia Europaea.