Winston Churchill

United Kingdom, 1874 - 1965

Winston Churchill entered politics after a military career and a spell as a war correspondent. He held various ministerial posts, first as a liberal, later as a conservative. From 1929 until World War II, he kept away from government, writing essays and books. At the outbreak of war, he became First Lord of the Admiralty, and was elected Prime Minister after Chamberlain stepped down. His indomitability was an inspiration to the British people. After the war, he became a member of opposition and resumed his writing. In 1953, Churchill was knighted and awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Among his works, The World Crisis (1923-1929), My Early Life (1930), Thoughts and Adventures (1932), Marlborough (1933-1938), The Second World War (1948-1954) and A History of the English Speaking Peoples (1956-1958) stand out.