John Laughland is an outspoken eurosceptic and influential philosopher and historian. For years, he worked as an independent commentator for various international journals such as The Spectator, The Guardian, Die Welt and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, writing on international affairs and political rights, while simultaneously holding prestigious positions at universities in France and Italy.He published several important studies on the decline of political ideals and the failure of the international justice system, including A History of Political Trials from Charles I to Saddam Hussein (2008), Travesty. The Trial of Slobodan Milosevic and the Corruption of International Justice (2007) and The Tainted Source. the Undemocratic Origins of the European Idea (1997). Between 2098 and 2018, Laughland was the Director of Studies at the Institute of Democracy and Cooperation in Paris, fuelling debate on the relationship between state sovereignty and human rights.