Photo: Robert Goddyn
The Netherlands, 1933
liberal politician

Frits Bolkestein

Frits Bolkestein is a former politician. He studied mathematics, philosophy, Greek, economics and law. After a career in the corporate world, he entered into politics in 1978 by joining the liberal party VVD in the Dutch House of Commons. He was State Secretary of Economic Affairs, Defense Minister and led the VVD fraction from 1990 to 1998. Bolkestein then went on to become European Commissioner for the Internal Market. He has been Extraordinary Professor of the Intellectual Foundation of Political Developments at the universities of Leiden and Delft since 2004. Among his publications is The Limits of Europe (2004).

Published in

Journal Nexus

Nexus 67

School der beschaving
Journal Nexus
2010 or Earlier

Nexus 44

Journal Nexus
2010 or Earlier

Nexus 40

Europa realiseren

Speaker at



Nexus Symposium

Je suis Européen!

6 June 2015 14.00 - 17.00 DeLaMar Theater Amsterdam
NOTE TO USER: User expressly acknowledges and agrees that, by downloading and/or using this Photograph, user is consenting to the terms and conditions of the UPA Photo Images License Agreement.  (Photo by Robert Goddyn)


Nexus Symposium

The Return of the Ghosts

11 November 2010 13.30 - 17.45 Auditorium Tilburg University


Part I. Mass Democracy on Trial

What Is a Good Society?

13 November 2005 09.45 - 21.30 Passenger Terminal, Amsterdam


Arts and Education

Living European Values

23 October 2004 09.00 - 17.00 Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlijn