Leo Kestenberg was a pianist and a musical educator. He taught at the music academies of Stern and Klindworth-Scharwenka in Berlin. In 1918, he became musical advisor to the Prussian minister of science, culture and education, and in 1922, head of the music department of the central institution for education. His main works are Musikerziehung und Musikpflege (1921) and Schulmusikunterricht in Preuβen (1927). Before the outbreak of World War II, he fled to Tel Aviv, where he would eventually become the director of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra.